Maistre differed from Burke primarily in his providentialism, and in his adamant defense of traditional and papal authority. Most of Maistre's views are succinctly stated in The Essay on the Generative Principle of Political Constitutions, written in 1808-1809 before his much longer major works On the Pope 1819 and Soirées de St. The writings of Joseph de Maistre as well as those of his younger brother —q. His style is strong, lively, picturesque; animation and good humour temper his dogmatic tone, and he might even be deemed eloquent. His influence on 19th-century philosophy and history was unquestionably important. An enthusiastic believer in the principle of authority, which the Revolution tried to destroy, he defends it everywhere: in the State by extolling the monarchy; in the Church by exalting the privileges of the papacy; in the world by glorifying the rights and the conduct of God. .
After 1815 he returned to Savoy, and was appointed to high office, while his Du Pape made a great sensation. Throughout history, some books have changed the world. All of these were subjected to a devastating analysis in which Maistre tried to demonstrate that they were based on a hopelessly naive and misguided conception of man, society and nature. The reason why rights are meaningful in the one nation, then, cannot be the written document which supposedly guarantees them; it can only be the tradition of liberty in that nation, with the written constitution being at most the visible manifestation of these deeply felt ideas. For the first half of his life, he lived in provincial obscurity as a lawyer and senator in the independent kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia.
After the still further losses which, in the year of the publication of this book, the French Revolution inflicted on Sardinia; Charles Emmanuel summoned Joseph de Maistre to Turin, and he remained there for the brief space during which the king retained a remnant of territory on the mainland. Selected translated and introduced by Jack Lively. His masterpiece, Du pape 1819 , contained his doctrine of papal supremacy and became the charter of ultramontanism. How important was Joseph-Marie de Maistre? Disputing in particular the theories of J. A passionate Roman Catholic and royalist, he was master of a rigidly logical doctrine and the possessor of a great store of knowledge.
In this he developed his views, which were those of a Legitimist, but a Legitimist entirely from the religious and Roman Catholic point of view. It contains two of De Maistre's most famous pieces, his panegyric on the executioner as the foundation of social order, and his acrimonious, and in part unfair, but also in part very damaging, attack on Locke. Although its immediate purpose was to rally support for royalist candidates for the French Directory, it links events in revolutionary France to much broader themes and higher purposes that take it well beyond politics. But the world to which he had returned was not altogether in accordance with his desires. In de Maistre torna inoltre sia il concetto di centralità della Chiesa cattolica che l'unione del potere temporale e politico nelle sole mani del pontefice, inteso come vertice della piramide sociale e civile oltre che arbitro internazionale di ogni conflitto, in quanto ritenuto al di sopra di ogni particolarismo nazionale. Sociologi cattolici italiani: De Maistre, Taparelli, Toniolo. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition.
By defying God, monarchy and tradition with their zealous anti-Christian propaganda, the philosophes and their disciples had allegedly undermined the foundations of civilized society and replaced it with a godless anarchy culminating in the blood-drenched guillotines of Robespierre's Terror. There is some justice in this, for Maistre admired Burke and was influenced by his work, but the two are never the less very different -- separated not only in time, distance and environment, but by the very nature of their conservatism. One creature kills and consumes another, only to be killed and consumed in turn. Austerity and unquestioning obedience were demanded both in his noble family and in his schooling with the Jesuits. The foundations of authority, Maistre claimed, do not lie in institutions constructed by reason, and they are certainly not the product of a contract, theoretical or otherwise. In the remaining divisions of his work the author examines the relations of the and the temporal powers: civilization and the welfare of nations; the Churches.
Maistre has been criticized for his extremism, and in particular for his reflections on the social role of the executioner, on war, and on bloodshed. Elio Gianturco, Joseph de Maistre and Giambattista Vico 1937 , includes an extensive bibliography. Roma, Società Editrice Dante Alighieri, 1954. The Revolution was in their view the logical outcome of giving free rein to subversive anticlerical forces: it was a devious conspiracy of atheists, Protestants, Jansenists, Freemasons, Illuminati and, most of all, the irreverent lumiéres who had dared to subject tradition and authority to the criticism of reason. So humanity which has always believed in the necessity of this expiation, has had recourse, to accomplish it, not only to , but to sacrifice, that is, the shedding of blood, the merits of the innocent being applied to the guilty — a law as mysterious as it is indubitable, and which, in the opinion of the author, explains the existence and the perpetuity of. Joseph de Maistre was born on April 1, 1753, at Chambéry in Savoy, which is now part of France but was then part of the kingdom of Sardinia. He establishes that nations require to be guaranteed against abuses of the power to which they are subject by a sovereignty superior to all others; now, this sovereignty can be none but the , which, even in the , had, in fact, already saved civilization from the barbarians.
After his recall to Turin, he ended his career as regent justice minister of Piedmont-Sardinia 1818—1821. Conformemente al pensiero comune controrivoluzionario, per de Maistre l'origine di tutti i mali dell'epoca a lui contemporanea poteva essere identificata nella. His , which was of French origin, had settled in a century earlier, and had attained a high position, his being president of the Senate. French hereditary monarchy has survived sixty-six monarchs of varying competence, and yet nothing could be more irrational than hereditary monarchy, for reason gives us no reason to suppose that a fine ruler will beget progeny who are likewise capable. This mission lasted fourteen years, till 1817. » A riprova di ciò Albert Blanc, professore di diritto presso l'università di Torino e curatore delle memorie e della corrispondenza diplomatica di Joseph de Maistre, nella prefazione a quest'ultima Correspondance diplomatique, Paris, 1860, vol.
Man is a weak, sinful creature -- and, worst of all, he is proud. As soon as you leave the inanimate kingdom, you find the decree of violent death is inscribed on the very frontiers of life. Career Joseph himself, after studying at Turin, received various appointments in the civil service of Savoy, finally becoming a member of the senate. Furthermore, Burke has remained influential and oft-quoted in posterity, while Maistre is a largely neglected figure, often seen as a relic of the past and dismissed as a man born after his time. Du Pape, which the second-named book completes, is a treatise in regular form, dealing with the relations of the sovereign pontiff to the Church, to temporal sovereigns, to civilization generally, and to schismatics, especially Anglicans and the Greek Church. Nel , inviò de Maistre come a , presso la dello. Well-versed in the Scriptures, the church fathers, Greek and Latin classical authors, and Renaissance and seventeenth-century authors, he was also thoroughly familiar with all the major authors of the Enlightenment.
Cioran has sought inspiration in Maistre. Petersburg, and journeyed thither the next year. Maistre's clear, forceful style proclaimed obedience as the highest political virtue, in order to restore the power of God, the pope, and the monarch. Born in Savoy, he was Sardinian ambassador at from 1803 to 1817. Ambasciatore del re presso la corte dello dal al , poi da tale data fino alla morte ministro reggente la Gran Cancelleria del , de Maistre fu tra i portavoce più eminenti del movimento che fece seguito alla e ai rivolgimenti politici in atto dopo il ; propugnatore dell'immediato della ereditaria in , in quanto istituzione ispirata per via divina, e assertore della suprema autorità sia nelle questioni che in quelle , de Maistre fu anche tra i teorici più intransigenti della , sebbene non mancò di criticare il , a suo dire autore da un lato di un impossibile tentativo di ripristino integrale dell' peraltro ritenuto di sola facciata e dall'altro di compromessi politici con le forze rivoluzionarie. Every facility for exploring it was enjoyed by the distinguished author, during his resi dence in Russia as ambassador from the court of Turin.
In a word, he was a great and virtuous man, a profound thinker, and one of the finest writers of that of which his works are a distinguished ornament. Most of the works mentioned were not published till after his death, and it was not till 1851 that a collection of Lettres et opuscules appeared, while even since that time fresh matter has been published. Nel de Maistre entrò a far parte del. He was then forty years of age. The Du Pape is dated May 1817; on the Soirees the author was still engaged at his death. For France, for example, he advocated a restoration of the monarchy which would be restrained by newly instituted councils named by electors appointed by the king. Joseph Mali and Robert Wokler, Philadelphia, American Philosophical Society.