He is determined to guard the basic human rights of Tom and all others by using his knowledge and experience in law. Jem overhears Aunt Alexandra warning Atticus that he is bringing disgrace to the family name. Summary Chapter 17 opens with Sheriff Heck Tate on the witness stand. Scout tried to find a way to connect the dots for Mr. No one is sure how many children Ewell has, and the only orderly corner of the yard is planted with well-tended geraniums rumored to belong to Mayella. Underwood reveals himself in a nearby window with a gun, pointing out that he had them covered the whole time.
Jem goes down the hall and tells Atticus. Scout realizes these aren't the same men who came to their house. Scout wonders why doesn't run away, and Dill replies saying maybe Boo doesn't have anywhere to run to. That night Scout feels something under her bed and thinks a snake his hiding there. Atticus calls only one witness — Tom Robinson. The chapter depicts him as brutish, insensitive, and confident of his ability to get away with his perjury.
Atticus gently shows the injustice of Tom's situation throughout the court proceedings. Cunningham from his group is a result of the sheer innocence of her statements, which shows how inconceivable violence is to her, and forces them to reconsider their behavior. Atticus questions Mayella, but first asks her some background questions to show the jury what kind of family she comes from. Except for a lady name Lula, they are portrayed in a very positive manner. Cunningham stares at her for a second, then bends down.
Chapter 19 -Tom says his side of the story, and it is that she asked him to fix something, then when he got inside, she threw herself at him. The men make allusions to Tom being moved to the Maycomb jail the next day Sunday , because the trial will occur on Monday. Scout said that the first two weeks with Dill there was great and that they just played on the tree house. Calpurnia explains that most people can't read anyway. Ewell, asking whether a doctor was called, and Mr.
When Atticus drives into town the next night, Jem, Scout, and Dill sneak out after him. The court rests for ten minutes, but no one leaves the courthouse Analysis Aunt Alexandra's views typify the general consensus of traditional assumptions held by the Maycomb community. Cunningham, the father of her classmate Walter Cunningham. She has a strong idea of what Finch women should be like, based upon years of family tradition, and tries to impose this onto Scout. Many of his black neighbors live better than he and his family. Scout says that men in Maycomb county only talked outside if it was about death or politics. Jem, Scout and Dill watch on from the black balcony trying to determine if Atticus has a fighting chance.
Atticus explains that some people can forget that they are human beings when they become part of a mob. The trial that appears in these chapters is often seen as some of the most pivotal scenes in the novel. Ewell says that he does. He asks Mayella if she remembers being beaten in the face, and Mayella first says no, but then yes. He is very poor and uneducated. Later, she tries to convince Atticus to get rid of Calpurnia, saying that they no longer need her.
Cunningham to say hello to his son shows how truly unaware of the situation she is. All three lack the racism that the crowd of white faces in the courtroom propagates. Underwood was propped outside the window with a shotgun at his hands. Jem tells Atticus-despite Scout's protest- and Atticus goes next door to tell Dill's aunt, Miss Rachel. At that moment, four cars drive into Maycomb and park near the jail. Cunningham of his own human dignity by asking him questions about his son, Walter. Maycomb reluctantly has bent the laws for the Ewells, and Mr.
The following evening, Atticus goes into town, and Jem, Scout, and Dill follow him. Just a week later, events surrounding the trial begin to come to a head. As they got closer they saw where the light was coming from. Prejudice certainly does come to play in the court proceedings, but Lee explores much deeper human emotions and societal ideals than the straightforward mistreatment of a person based on skin color. Scout notes that, for a Ewell, she is a relatively clean and well-kempt individual. Bob Ewell represents the white supremacy of the south. Introducing Bob Ewell further promotes this dark shadow cast on Maycomb.
Link Deas, Tom's employer, even stands up to defend Tom during the trial, saying that he is a hard-working and good man. In spite of Tom's conviction, Ewell vows revenge on Atticus and the judge for besmirching his already tarnished name. Hope and Darkness In this chapter, Lee paints a picture of both hope and hopelessness. Then, her father arrived and Tom ran away. The interaction between the two suggests that children like Scout are more immune to the attitudes and mindsets of the society around them, but as they grow older like Jem , they unwittingly find themselves replicating and reinforcing society's traditional views. Atticus doesn't hold a gun or any other weapon, but carries only a book.
Jem and Scout are young, but the trial has made them grow up fast, being subjected to taunts and name calling from friends at school and people in the community. The church is simple and very poor; however, the people are kind to Scout and Jem and, even though they have little, they rally to support Tom Robinson's wife. Cunningham, the father of Walter from her class at school. Here, the reader gets its first look at the black community in Maycomb. However, Tom makes a fatal error when he admits under cross-examination that he, a black man, felt sorry for Mayella Ewell. And yet, suspense prevails in these chapters. Jem's childish innocence therefore functions as a condemnation of the racist adult society of Maycomb.